Zoonotic diseases (also referred to as zoonoses) are infections that are naturally transmitted, either directly or indirectly, between vertebrate animals and humans. In recent years, a One Health (OH) approach to managing endemic and emerging/re-emerging epidemic of zoonotic diseases has been pushed by international human and animal health agencies, based upon recognition of the need for human and animal (including wildlife) experts to work collaboratively in order to better prevent and control these diseases. In addition, collaboration with the environmental experts, including entomologists, geologists, climatologists, and geospatial experts is important in understanding the mechanisms and drivers of pathogen transmission across the species.
The Kenya Zoonotic Disease Unit (ZDU) was formed in 2011 and was charged with the mission of establishing and maintaining active collaboration at the animal, human, and ecosystem interface towards better prevention and control of zoonotic diseases. The ZDU is a small unit that is directly linked and dependent upon the Ministry of Health (MoH) and the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MALF) for leadership and financial support.
With a vision of building a country that has a reduced burden of zoonotic diseases and to better respond to the epidemics of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, the country is now releasing a First 5-year Strategic Plan for Implementation of One Health.
The following is a list of priority of Zoonotic Diseases in Kenya
Read More About ZDU in the document Below
The National Rabies Elimination strategy was launched on 28th September, 2014 on the World Rabies Day.