Kenya One Health Strategic Plan 2012-2017
Goals of the Strategic Plan
The strategic plan is divided into the following three goals.
Goal 1: To strengthen surveillance, prevention, and control of zoonoses in both humans and animals
Surveillance is fundamental to any disease prevention and control efforts, including assessment of effectiveness of the various interventions. This Strategic Plan will support systematic surveillance for endemic, emerging and re-emerging zoonotic diseases in order to develop and implement data-driven prevention and control strategies. The Strategic Plan will also build rapid outbreak response capacity in the country as a means of enhancing preparedness for outbreaks of known and unknown zoonoses in accordance with the World Health Organization’s International Health Regulations’ (WHO/IHR) and the World Health Organization for Animals (OIE) guidelines.
This goal will be achieved by accomplishing various activities under three objectives. First, to operationalize the preparedness and management plan for zoonotic disease outbreaks that emphasizes collaboration between relevant sectors. Second, to strengthen zoonotic diseases surveillance in order to develop maps of hotspots for certain diseases. And third, to start implementing a systematic program of prevention and control of specific zoonotic infections.
Goal 2: To establish structures and partnerships that promotes
One Health approaches
For OH approaches to take root in the country, a mechanism promoting collaboration between animal health, human health and other key environmental sectors at national and sub-national levels is required. The human-animal health linkages with other key environmental sectors (entomology, microbiology, meteorology, geology, geography, ecology, etc.) are vital for proper understanding and effective management of endemic and emerging disease threats. Through the ZDU, linkages between national and subnational human and animal (including wildlife) health activities will be enhanced. In addition, the curricula at human and animal health training institutions will be revised to include OH approaches.
This goal will be achieved by ensuring the ZDU is fully operational and adequate resources are allocated by the respective ministries. In addition, the Plan will decentralize OH approaches to county and district levels, incorporating OH in existing human and animal health programs, and revising the curricula of animal and public health training colleges to incorporate OH.
Goal 3: To conduct applied research at the human-animal-ecosystem interface in order to better understand the mechanism of maintenance and transmission of zoonotic pathogens
For priority zoonotic diseases, much still remains unknown, including the sources and drivers of disease emergence and re-emergence, factors enhancing spread, mechanisms of pathogen maintenance and persistence including ecology. Reliable risk maps for priority zoonotic diseases and understanding the socio-economic impact of such diseases on livelihoods and government is important in targeted and effective prevention and control measures. Public dissemination of such findings at national and international levels is important.
This goal will be achieved by pursuing various activities under two objectives. First, to build a scientific database on zoonotic diseases is a priority for the East Africa region and there will be efforts to facilitate regional information exchanges. This will be accomplished by holding national and regional scientific workshops targeting universities and research institutions to present on neglected zoonotic diseases, including training and mentorship on OH to veterinary, medical, and public health trainees. In addition, publication of findings on zoonotic diseases, as well as the identification and development of research activities related to zoonosis will be promoted. There will be efforts to identify priority research areas at the human-animal interface, followed by the promotion of applied research collaboration with human health, animal health, and environmental scientists. In addition, special studies such as transmission mechanism or cross- species sub-typing of etiological agents during epidemics of zoonotic diseases will be designed and implemented.
At the end of successful implementation of this Strategic Plan, the expected outcomes include:
• Greater compliance with WHO/IHR and OIE guidelines on public health threats
• Risk maps and identification of hotspots for zoonotic diseases
• Development and implementation of disease prevention and control strategies for zoonoses
• Established plan and capacity for early epidemic detection, diagnosis, and rapid response
• Improved understanding of infection and transmission dynamics, ecology, and other
drivers of zoonoses and emerging infectious diseases
• Better understanding of socio-economic impacts of zoonotic diseases and their
interventions to households and the government
To download a copy of the Kenya One Health Strategic Plan, click here. ZDU_StrategicPlan_updated